Antoine de Pluvinel’s invention: The tether is placed around a pillar, the horse learns to move on a circle in the three gaits while pushing its hips outwards or having them come inwards.
Light barouche, often set on a simple suspension, used in town or in the country for a drive out.
Very light, bodiless Phaeton consisting in a naked metallic chassis supporting a two-person seat and behind, on ornamental hinges, a small seat for a groom.
American carriage with four high very thin wheels, like the legs of the arachnid it takes its name from. Originally it was used for the trotter races.
Big public vehicle for the transport of passengers over long distances, connecting Paris to the main towns and cities of the country, or linking the said towns and cities amongst them.
Leather belt connecting the bodywork to the chassis so as to limit the swinging caused by uneven roads.
A stud farm is a farm aiming at developing, promoting and improving a horse breed. Agreed stallions are used for studding there and then become leading sires. There are private stud farms, but also national stud farms, administered by public officers.