Carriage professions

The manufacture of carriages required the use of many materials: wood (body, wheels), metals (shoes, lanterns, and ornaments), leather (hangers, trim), textiles (trim), glass (windows), ivory, bone and tortoiseshell (accessories and ornaments). Equally numerous were the professions that worked with these materials. The 1774 book L'Art du bourrelier et du sellier [The art of the harness-maker and the saddler] by Garsault listed more than fifteen!

For luxury carriages, the renown of Paris coachbuilders was based on a long tradition of good taste inherited from the Ancien Regime (following the first Napoleonic Empire) and on their flawless execution, monitored constantly during the numerous production phases.

A carriage is both a machine and a work of art; the architect building it must possess the knowledge of an engineer and the makings of an artist.

Le Guide du carrossier [Coachbuilder guide], juin 1864, n°48

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Watin, J. F., L'art du peintre doreur vernisseur, 1772

Brice Thomas, Le carnet du peintre en voitures, 1869

Arlot, Guide complet du peintre en voitures, 1860

Vautier, Le peintre en voiture, 1880-1885

Fleury et Ponsot, La peinture en équipages : traité pratique et raisonné à l'usage des peintres de voitures et des carrossiers, 1893

Cognard, Paul, Traité théorique et pratique de peinture en voitures, 1902

Thomas, Victor, Nouveau manuel complet du peintre en voitures, wagons, omnibus, 1902