Since the domestication of the horse (from the 4th millennium BCE), man has interfered in the evolution of animals and breeds through breeding and an interest in certain types. He has, though, at times enabled the disappearance of certain species, either due to a lack of interest, ignorance or simply because the species could not adapt to domestication. As such, the tarpan - the indomitable horse on plains of Eastern Europe - was hunted to extinction in the 19th century.
Man has at times pushed the disappearance of certain species.
At the same time, other breeds have been shunned as the victims of fickle human fashions. The Neapolitan horse, long a favourite of royal courts for high school exercises, gradually lost its usefulness from the 18th century onwards. Races and hunting with hounds become entertainment popular among the elite, thus depriving dressage horses of their usefulness. In addition, increasing industrialisation eventually sucked up the little interest remaining in this breed, which fell extinct in the 19th century. The extinction of breeds also affects work horses. Thus, a breed of bidet, the Morvan horse gradually disappeared and was replaced by draft horses for work and light horses for riding. As regards draft horses, breeding for meat remained one of the last sectors to maintain the existence of certain breeds. Until when?