Medical treatises
in the 19th and in the first half of the 20th century

The veterinary profession underwent the greatest difficulty in establishing itself in the French countryside and, in order to distinguish itself from traditional blacksmiths and hippiatrists, it pursued a policy of differentiation through a permanent increase in the level of education, thus guaranteeing the inclusion of the profession in the major scientific debates of the 19th century.

This movement translated into more literature, which began in the 1780s with the publication of the first collections of observations and essays, such as Veterinary Instructions, which created the link between the new veterinarians. In 1824, a journal from the School of Alfort, the Compendium of Veterinary Medicine, began to be published. The journals of local and national veterinary societies developed and all provided very accurate information in tune with the scientific debates of the time.

Tools for the insertion of the veterinary profession in the major scientific debates of the 19th century, scientific publications developed and covered all the knowledge at the dawn of the First World War.

While the first hippiatric dictionary was by Lafosse and published in 1775, the first veterinary dictionary, by Hurtrel Arboval (1777-1839), appeared in 1826. It was followed by many others, the most famous of which being the one by Bouley and Reynal, a work whose first volume appeared in 1856.

The publication of monographs grew exponentially at the same time, providing veterinarians numerous treatises dedicated to a particular disease and many others updating an entire discipline, such that, at the dawn of the First World War, veterinary literature covered all the knowledge of this profession.

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