© Bibliothèque nationale de France, ms français 2642 folio 159v

The Battle of Crécy in 1346, Chroniques de Froissart [Chronicles of Froissart], mid-15th century, illuminator: Master of the Mazerine

During the Hundred Years' War, the Battle of Crécy saw the army of the Kingdom of France face an army from England, with the active presence of the sovereigns Philip VI of Valois and Edward III of England. The battle ended with a crushing English victory. Though less in number, they used vigorous and quick archery to decimate a cumbersome French cavalry lacking mobility and coordination. This illumination places a strong emphasis on the return of archery, which is set in the foreground and marks the beginning of the decline of horse soldiery.