© Cadre Noir de Saumur
Long the preserve of the military, it goes without saying that many of the great advances in equitation come their experiences. Thus, the jumping position taken today by riders, known as the "forward seat" or "2 point", begins to be adopted at the end of the 19th century under the leadership of Federico Caprilli (1868-1907), a cavalry captain. Until then, riders remained seated in their saddle when the horse crossed the obstacle. Caprilli invented the forward seat jumping position with the torso forward when jumping in order to relieve the horse's back. Some years later, Colonel Danloux (1878-1965), the riding master at the Cadre Noir de Saumur from 1929 to 1933, improved Caprilli's technique by promoting the flexibility of joints, particularly the knee. With the help of the Italian officer Alvisi, he developed a saddle enabling an easier and more comfortable adoption of this position in the face of the obstacle. The Danloux saddle, the benchmark for the first show jumping riders, was thus characterised by more pronounced blocks and a more hollow seat.