Collection : musée Fragonard de l'École nationale vétérinaire de Maisons-Alfort / Photo Olivier Jourdanet / MCC

The clyster

This huge tin syringe was used to administer solutions through the rectum. As in humans, the purpose of these enemas was to assist in the evacuation of overabundant "humours" at the origin of the disease and for removing obstructions. The horse has a highly developed large intestine but presents certain constrictions where food masses can become blocked. This treatment was valueless and lacked proven effectiveness.