© Bibliothèque nationale de France. Département des manuscrits, MS 5089 Arsenal
The King of England Richard the Lionheart (1189-1199) is considered the king most involved in spreading the figure of the knight. A saddled warrior and defender of his kingdom, he travelled the world on horseback and committed to the Church in the Crusades, which sought to spread the Christian word and complete the conquest of Jerusalem. From 1189 to 1192, Richard the Lionheart participated in the Third Crusade alongside King Philip Augustus of France and the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. David Aubert was a writer in the pay of Philip the Good. He wrote a large number of manuscripts for the king depicting certain major historical events. The illustration (opposite) of the Third Crusade reveals the nobility of the horses and horsemen proudly wearing their kingdoms’ colours.