© C. Degueurce - musée Fragonard de l’École nationale vétérinaire de Maisons-Alfort.
In the streets, repeated striking against the pavement gave rise to very painful and debilitating injuries and diseases such as quittor (17th to 20th century, since disappeared), due to the changes in the use of the horse. Despite lameness, the animal was still in demand for work. However, once lameness set in to the point where the horse could not walk, its owner had to act. At that time, blacksmiths and hippiatrists had only one solution to "cure" the disease: dessolure, or the removal the sole or even the fork of the foot and subsequent bandaging until regrowth (some 20 days). This was a particularly painful method for horses.